Avenire skin is an organ that is open to the formation of diseases due to its constant state with the environment. Dermatological disorders may become easier due to exposure to environmental factors, chemicals, allergens and similar stimulants in daily life. Diseases that may occur in the skin may cause some commands, aesthetic and cosmetic problems, and difficulties in performing some daily functions. Therefore, dermatological diseases should be treated immediately when they are noticed. Physicians who have received 4 years of specialist training after 6 years of medical education are involved in the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases in the Dermatology departments known as Dermatology or Dermatology and Venereal Diseases.
Which Diseases Are Treated in Dermatology Clinics?
Dermatology department provides services for the diagnosis and treatment of all skin diseases. Fungal diseases, psoriasis (psoriasis), acne, venereal diseases such as puberty acne, eczema, syphilis, gonorrhea, treatment of all sexually transmitted skin diseases, skin cancers (diagnosis and treatment of melanoma), birthmarks, hair loss, drug allergies, hives (urticaria) treatment and investigation of its causes, sun allergy and its treatment, treatment of oral diseases, Behçet's disease, aphthae, tongue fungus and other diseases, genetically inherited skin diseases, warts, moles and molluscum, fungal diseases of the nail, nail thickening, Diagnosis and treatment of ingrown nails and other nail diseases, oily skin, dandruff are performed in dermatology departments.
How Are Dermatological Diseases Treated?
In dermatological diseases, drug therapy can be recommended to the patient after the diagnosis. In addition to drug treatment, dermocosmetic applications have an important role in eliminating skin problems. Some of the diagnostic and treatment methods applied in the dermatology department can be listed as follows:
RESEARCH AND TREATMENT OF CAUSES OF HAIR LOSS
Hair loss may occur due to vitamin and mineral deficiencies, stress, disorders in hormone levels and seasonal changes. It may be normal to see temporary hair loss periodically, and the persistence of this problem for long periods of time may be a symptom of serious diseases. For this reason, dermatology examination is absolutely necessary in order to investigate and prevent the cause of this problem in people with hair loss problem.
INVESTIGATION OF THE CAUSES OF EXCESSIVE HAIRING
Excessive hair growth is a health problem that can be seen in both women and men and can make patients quite uncomfortable in aesthetic sense. Although the most common cause of hair growth is hormonal imbalances, this problem can sometimes occur only with the effect of genetic factors. Treatment for excessive hair growth, also called hirsutism, is primarily aimed at determining the factors that cause hair growth and eliminating them. After these reasons are eliminated by treatment, epilation techniques can be used if deemed appropriate by the physician for the elimination of hair growth.
Laser epilation, which is the most commonly used method for permanent removal of unwanted hair worldwide, should be applied under the control of dermatology specialists, by determining factors such as the device suitable for the skin type, wavelength, session interval, and paying attention to hygienic conditions. As a result of laser epilation performed with appropriate techniques, almost all of the unwanted hair can be removed permanently.
REDUCING EXCESSIVE SWEATING WITH MEDICAL TREATMENTS
Excessive sweating should be treated in order to increase the quality of life and to make the patient feel comfortable in psychological terms. The primary goal in the treatment of the disease is to investigate whether there is any other underlying disease that causes sweating and to treat it. Later, depending on the physician's recommendation, if the problem of excessive sweating continues, treatment options such as drug therapy, treatment with electric current and botox, surgical operation can be applied.
All non-surgical procedures applied to protect skin health and beautify the skin are within the scope of cosmetic dermatology and all of these procedures must be performed by dermatology specialists.
TREATMENT OF SKIN PROBLEMS CAUSED BY COSMETIC PRODUCTS
Due to the high earning potential of the cosmetic industry, many products that are not suitable for dermatological use are available in the market. Skin problems that may develop as a result of unconscious use of these products are problems that should be shown sensitivity and treated by dermatologists.
COSMESOUTIC PRODUCT CONSULTANCY
Even if there is no skin disease, the skin should be kept clean and necessary care should be done in order to protect skin health. Cosmeceutical products to be used for this purpose should be decided as a result of the dermatological examination by the physician, considering the type and health of the skin.
CHEMICAL PEELING APPLICATIONS
The spots and color differences on the skin surface cause an aesthetically unpleasant appearance. With the process called chemical peeling, one or more chemical agents are applied to the skin surface and a kind of peeling of the skin is performed at the desired depth. This procedure, which should be applied with the recommendation and control of the dermatologist, is an option for the treatment of these lesions on the skin.
Jessner peeling, a type of peeling, is performed by applying a special solution called Jessner to the skin. Just like chemical peeling, it is a treatment method for problems such as removing spots, equalizing skin color and lightening the skin.
It is a peeling method applied by using trichlor acetic acid (TCA) solutions to peel the skin at the desired depth. It is effective in removing dead skin, rejuvenating the skin, removing roughness and spots.
GLYCOLIC ACID PEELING
The process of peeling the skin with the help of glycolic acid, a non-toxic alpha hydroxy acid member, is called glycolic acid peeling. It provides the skin to become smoother and more clear.
AFA peeling, which is applied for the purposes of preventing wrinkle formation, eliminating existing wrinkles and treatment of spots, can also be used alone or as a support for different treatment methods in acne treatment.
The Amelan peeling technique, which acts by peeling the skin like all peeling types, is applied to eliminate pigmentation problems on the skin. It is also a preferred technique for skin tone lightening.
TREATMENT OF SKIN SPOTS
The skin spots formed by accumulating in some areas due to the sun rays, pregnancy and similar reasons, the substance called melanin, which gives the skin its color, causes an undesirable appearance on the skin surface. Spot problems such as sun spots, freckles, acne spots, birthmarks, burn marks and stretch marks can be easily removed with the help of correct techniques recommended by a specialist in dermatology clinics.
Continuously recurring facial expressions or age-related wrinkles can be removed by many methods that can be applied in dermatology clinics. Which of the many medical techniques developed for this purpose should be applied should be decided by the specialist physician, taking into account factors such as the area where the wrinkle is formed, the degree of the wrinkle and the age and skin type of the patient.
BOTULINUM TOXIN APPLICATIONS (BOTOKS)
It is a method applied to remove wrinkles in areas such as the crow's feet, forehead, eyebrows and neck by injecting toxins obtained from a bacterium called Chlostridium Botulinum into the skin, and to obtain a more tense and younger appearance in these areas. It is a technique that takes about 10-15 minutes and can be applied to almost everyone except pregnant and breastfeeding women.
WRINKLE TREATMENT WITH FILLER INJECTIONS
Filler injection, which is one of the popular wrinkle removal techniques used today, is usually performed by injecting hyaluronic acid or similar acid-based injections under the skin. Although it varies depending on the area of application, it should be repeated every 6 months as the application usually loses its effect within 6 months.
If you have any of the above-mentioned dermatological diseases or if you want to choose any of the treatment options mentioned in order to eliminate your skin problems, you should immediately apply to a health institution. After a detailed skin examination by specialist physicians in the dermatology department, you can create your treatment plan in line with your physician's recommendations.